congenital amputation

ketiadaan sebuah ekstremitas saat lahir, karena konstriksi bagian tersebut akibat jeratan melingkar selama perkembangan intrauteri.

congenital amputation (Wikipedia)

Congenital amputation is birth without a limb or limbs, or without a part of a limb or limbs.

It is known to be caused by blood clots forming in the fetus while in utero (vascular insult) and from amniotic band syndrome: fibrous bands of the amnion that constrict foetal limbs to such an extent that they fail to form or actually fall off due to missing blood supply. Congenital amputation can also occur due to maternal exposure to teratogens during pregnancy.