ammonium nitrate

NH4NO3; zat kimia yang digunakan untuk pupuk, korek api, dan dalam pembuatan gas nitrogen oksida dan senyawa pembeku; dapat terakumulasi dalam tumbuhan sehingga menimbulkan keracunan nitrit pada ternak.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
ammonium nitrate (noun)
a colorless crystalline salt NHNO used in explosives and fertilizers and in veterinary medicine - 4 3
ammonium nitrate (Wikipedia)
Ammonium nitrate
Structural formula
Ammonium nitrate crystal structure
Sample of white powder
Names
IUPAC name
Ammonium nitrate
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.026.680
RTECS number BR9050000
UNII
UN number 0222with > 0.2% combustible substances
1942with <= 0.2% combustible substances
2067fertilizers
2426liquid
Properties
(NH4)(NO3)
Molar mass 80.043 g/mol
Appearance white/grey solid
Density 1.725 g/cm3 (20 °C)
Melting point 169.6 °C (337.3 °F; 442.8 K)
Boiling point approx. 210 °C;decomposes
118 g/100 ml (0 °C)
150 g/100 ml (20 °C)
297 g/100 ml (40 °C)
410 g/100 ml (60 °C)
576 g/100 ml (80 °C)
1024 g/100 ml (100 °C)
-33.6·10−6 cm3/mol
Structure
trigonal
Explosive data
Shock sensitivity very low
Friction sensitivity very low
Detonation velocity 5270 m/s
Hazards
Main hazards Explosive
Safety data sheet ICSC 0216
Explosive E (E)
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 3: Capable of detonation or explosive decomposition but requires a strong initiating source, must be heated under confinement before initiation, reacts explosively with water, or will detonate if severely shocked. E.g., fluorineSpecial hazard OX: Oxidizer. E.g., potassium perchlorateNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
2085–5300 mg/kg (oral in rats, mice)
Related compounds
Other anions
Ammonium nitrite
Other cations
Sodium nitrate
Potassium nitrate
Hydroxylammonium nitrate
Related compounds
Ammonium perchlorate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation. It has the chemical formula NH4NO3, simplified to N2H4O3. It is a white crystal solid and is highly soluble in water. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Its other major use is as a component of explosive mixtures used in mining, quarrying, and civil construction. It is the major constituent of ANFO, a popular industrial explosive which accounts for 80% of explosives used in North America; similar formulations have been used in improvised explosive devices. Many countries are phasing out its use in consumer applications due to concerns over its potential for misuse.