ammonium bicarbonate

NH4HCO3, sedikit berbau seperti ammonium dan digunakan dalam farmasi untuk membuat ammonium carbonate dan ekspektoran.

ammonium bicarbonate (Wikipedia)
Ammonium bicarbonate
2D model of ammonium bicarbonate
Ball-and-stick model of the ammonium cation
Ball-and-stick model of the bicarbonate anion
Names
IUPAC name
Ammonium hydrogen carbonate
Other names
Bicarbonate of ammonia, ammonium hydrogen carbonate, hartshorn, AmBic, powdered baking ammonia, Baking soda
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.012.647
RTECS number BO8600000
UNII
Properties
NH4HCO3
Molar mass 79.056 g/mol
Density 1.586 g/cm3
Melting point 41.9 °C (107.4 °F; 315.0 K) decomposes
11.9 g/100 mL (0 °C)
21.6 g/100 mL (20 °C)
36.6 g/100 mL (40 °C)
Solubility insoluble in methanol
Hazards
Main hazards Decomposes to release ammonia
Safety data sheet ICSC 1333
GHS pictograms GHS-pictogram-exclam.svg
H302
none
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Ammonium carbonate
Other cations
Sodium bicarbonate
Potassium bicarbonate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Ammonium bicarbonate is an inorganic compound with formula (NH4)HCO3, simplified to NH5CO3. The compound has many names, reflecting its long history. Chemically speaking, it is the bicarbonate salt of the ammonium ion. It is a colourless solid that degrades readily to carbon dioxide, water and ammonia.