Persenyawaan yang diperoleh dari amonia dengan mengganti suatu radikal asli dengan hidrogen, atau dari suatu asam dengan mengganti gugus –OH dengan –NH2.
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionaryamide
an inorganic compound derived from ammonia by replacement of an atom of hydrogen with another element (as a metal)
any of a class of organic compounds derived from ammonia or an amine by replacement of hydrogen with an acyl group - compare amine imide
Not to be confused with Imide
Structures of three kinds of amides: an organic amide, a sulfonamide, and a phosphoramide.
An amide ( or or ), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups). Most common are carboxamides (organic amides) (n = 1, E = C, x = 1), but many other important types of amides are known, including phosphoramides (n = 2, E = P, x = 1 and many related formulas) and sulfonamides (E = S, x = 2). The term amide refers both to classes of compounds and to the functional group (RnE(O)xNR′2) within those compounds.
Amide can also refer to the conjugate base of ammonia (the anion H2N−) or of an organic amine (an anion R2N−). For discussion of these "anionic amides", see Alkali metal amides.
The remainder of this article is about the carbonyl–nitrogen sense of amide.