Amanita

Genus cendawan dari famili Agaricaceae, beberapa spesies di antaraya beracun dan lainnya dapat dimakan; ingesti A phalloides, A. muscaria, A. pantherina, A. verna, dan lainnya dimanifestasikan oleh muntah, nyeri perut, dan diare, disertai dengan periode perbaikan, dan mencapai puncaknya dengan ditemukannya tanda-tanda kerusakan hati, ginjal, dan sistem saraf pusat.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
amanita (noun)
any of a genus () of white-spored basidiomycetous fungi that typically have a volva and an annulus about the stipe and include some deadly poisonous forms - Amanita
Amanita (Wikipedia)
Amanita
Fliegenpilz-1.jpg
Amanita muscaria
Albin Schmalfuß, 1897
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
Genus: Amanita
Pers. (1794)
Type species
Amanita muscaria
(L.) Lam. (1783)
Diversity
c.600 species

The genus Amanita contains about 600 species of agarics including some of the most toxic known mushrooms found worldwide, as well as some well-regarded edible species. This genus is responsible for approximately 95% of the fatalities resulting from mushroom poisoning, with the death cap accounting for about 50% on its own. The most potent toxin present in these mushrooms is α-amanitin.

The genus also contains many edible mushrooms, but mycologists discourage mushroom hunters, other than knowledgeable experts, from selecting any of these for human consumption. Nonetheless, in some cultures, the larger local edible species of Amanita are mainstays of the markets in the local growing season. Samples of this are Amanita zambiana and other fleshy species in central Africa, A. basii and similar species in Mexico, A. caesarea and the "Blusher" Amanita rubescens in Europe, and A. chepangiana in South-East Asia. Other species are used for colouring sauces, such as the red A. jacksonii with a range from eastern Canada to eastern Mexico.

Many species are of unknown edibility, especially in countries such as Australia, where many fungi are little-known.