Aloe

Getah kering daun dari pelbagai spesies genus Aloe, dikapai sebagai preparasi farmasi.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
aloe (noun)
1.
the fragrant wood of an East Indian tree () of the mezereon family - Aquilaria agallocha
2.
a) any of a large genus () of succulent chiefly southern African plants of the lily family with basal leaves and spicate flowers - Aloe
b) the dried juice of the leaves of various used especially formerly as a purgative - aloes usually used in plural but singular in construction
c) - aloe vera
Aloe (Wikipedia)
For other uses, see Aloe (disambiguation).
Aloe
Aloe succotrina - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-007.jpg
Aloe succotrina
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Genus: Aloe
L.
Type species
Aloe perfoliata
Species

See Species

Synonyms
  • Kumara Medik.
  • Lomatophyllum Willd.
  • Rhipidodendrum Willd.
  • Phylloma Ker Gawl.
  • Pachidendron Haw.
  • Agriodendron Endl.
  • Atevala Raf.
  • Busipho Salisb.
  • Chamaealoe A.Berger
  • × Lomataloe Guillaumin
  • Leptaloe Stapf
  • Aloinella (A.Berger) Lemée
  • Guillauminia A.Bertrand
  • × Alchamaloe G.D.Rowley
  • × Aleptoe G.D.Rowley
  • × Allauminia G.D.Rowley
  • × Alamaealoe P.V.Heath
  • × Aloella G.D.Rowley
  • × Leptauminia G.D.Rowley
  • × Chamaeleptaloe Rowley
  • × Leptaloinella G.D.Rowley
  • × Allemeea P.V.Heath
  • × Aloptaloe P.V.Heath
  • Lemeea P.V.Heath
  • × Bleckara P.V.Heath
  • × Leminia P.V.Heath
Succulent plants, such as this aloe, store water in their enlarged fleshy leaves, stems, or roots, as shown in this split aloe leaf. This allows them to survive in arid environments.

Aloe (/ˈæl/ or /ˈæl/), also written Aloë, is a genus containing over 500 species of flowering succulent plants. The most widely known species is Aloe vera, or "true aloe", so called because it is cultivated as the standard source of so-called "aloe vera" for assorted pharmaceutical purposes. Other species, such as Aloe ferox, also are cultivated or harvested from the wild for similar applications.

The APG IV system (2016) places the genus in the family Asphodelaceae, subfamily Asphodeloideae. In the past, it has been assigned to the family Aloaceae (now included in the Asphodelaceae) or to a broadly circumscribed family Liliaceae (the lily family). The plant Agave americana, which is sometimes called "American aloe", belongs to the Asparagaceae, a different family.

The genus is native to tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, Jordan, the Arabian Peninsula, and various islands in the Indian Ocean (Mauritius, Réunion, Comoros, etc.). A few species have also become naturalized in other regions (Mediterranean, India, Australia, North and South America, etc.).