merek dagang untuk preparat clomipramine hydrochloride.
|Trade names||Anafranil, Clofranil|
|Biological half-life||32 hr (69 hr for active metabolite)|
|Excretion||Renal (60%), faeces (32%)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||314.9 g/mol|
|3D model (Jmol)|
Clomipramine, sold under the brand name Anafranil among others, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA). It is used for the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, major depressive disorder, and chronic pain. It may decrease the risk of suicide in those over the age of 65. It is taken by mouth.
Common side effects include dry mouth, constipation, loss of appetite, sleepiness, weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and trouble urinating. Serious side effects include an increased risk of suicidal behavior in those under the age of 25, seizures, mania, and liver problems. If stopped suddenly a withdrawal syndrome may occur with headaches, sweating, and dizziness. It is unclear if it is safe for use in pregnancy. Its mechanism of action is not entirely clear but is believed to involve increased levels of serotonin.
Clomipramine was discovered in 1964 by the Swiss drug manufacturer Ciba-Geigy. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. It is available as a generic medication. The wholesale price in the developing world is between 0.11 and 0.21 per day as of 2014. In the United States a typical dose costs about 1.20 USD per day. It was made from imipramine.